7 Scientific Terms You Need to Know About Cannabis

Published Friday, November 18, 2016

Since we are so blessed to live in a time in age when research is being done on the cannabis plant, the vocabulary associated with the plant has become far more extensive than previous slang. For those who do not stay up to date on current topics within the industry but would like a quick refresher, here you are. The seven scientific terms everyone needs to know about cannabis.

Cannabinoids

 These are chemical compounds that are produced within the cannabis plant that act directly and indirectly on cannabinoid receptors throughout the body to help maintain stability and health. Cannabinoids present within the cannabis plant are referred to as phytocannabinoids. 

 Tetrahydrocannabidol (THC)

 Also know as THC, tetrahydrocannabinol is the phytocannabinoid within the cannabis plant that is responsible for the 'high' feeling you experience after consuming. THC is a well known pain and inflammatory reducer, it is also a bronchodilator, anti-spasmodic, muscle relaxant, and antioxidant. THC binds to cannabinoid receptors located throughout the brain, central nervous system, connective tissues, and related organs. 

 Cannabidiol (CBD)

 Is the second most prominent, non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid present within the cannabis plant. Cannabidiol is mostly known for it's healing properties. When used in conjunction with THC it helps to lessen the psychoactive effects some consider undesirable. Cannabidiol is a major anti-inflammatory and is the main ingredient in many infused topicals and salves currently on the market. 

Trichomes 

These are the small hairs on the epidermis of the plant, they are often crystal like in appearance. The trichomes are responsible for the manufacturing of all cannabinoids and terpenes present in the plant. 

Terpenes

 Terpenes are the aromatic compounds that coat the cannabis leaves with distinctive flavors and smells such as citrus, berry, mint, pine and more. There are many factors that influence a plants terpenes, including climate, whether, age, fertilizers, and harvest timing. Terpenes help account for the unique effects induced by specific cannabis strains. They also provide the cannabis plant with natural protection from bacteria and fungus, insects, and other environmental stresses. 

Flavonoids

 Flavonoids are a diverse group of plant chemicals found in almost all fruits and vegetables. In the cannabis plant flavonoids are responsible for the color, taste, smell, entourage effect, and overall sensory experience. Just like with vegetables, flavonoids in the cannabis plant have a wide variety of health benefits, similar to terpenes. They also contribute to the health of the cannabis plant during cultivation! 

There you have it, the seven terms you need to know about the cannabis plant. I hope that this information has been helpful and has inspired you to learn more about the genetics behind the plant itself! As a cannabis community we need to be committed to continuously educating ourselves and those around us so that we may end prohibition and the plant may become available to all who wish to use it! Thank you so much for reading and for helping Okun THC deliver the difference!

 

 


 

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